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The Gate of the Sun mystery

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Where does the Gate of the Sun lead out?

A unique artifact of the pre-Inca civilization is the Gate of the Sun, located in modern Bolivia. When the Incas found them, they were already very ancient. Until now, scientists cannot say exactly who built them and when. And also - where did the primitive Indian tribes get the high technologies that made it possible to create this monument.

Where does the Gate of the Sun lead?

The age of the Gate of the Sun in South America is not exactly known. Some scientists call the figure 12 thousand years, others say that the Gate was built only in the III century AD. It is also unknown who erected this grandiose structure. Some researchers believe that these were the ancestors of the modern Aymara Indians. There are those who are sure that the builders came from the Uru-Chipaya tribe or from the Takana people. There are also skeptics who believe that the gates and their construction were made in the XIX century.

The Dead City, the Eternal City

To see this mysterious object nowadays, you need to go to Bolivia and climb the Altiplano mountain plateau, at an altitude of almost four thousand meters above sea level. There, on a bare rocky plain, sandwiched between the snow-capped ridges of the Andes, are the ruins of the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. In the Inca language, it means "dead City". Of course, at the time when this city, with an area of more than four square kilometers, was inhabited, the inhabitants called it differently. How? According to one of the legends, it was named Vinaymark, that is, "the Eternal City". The same legend says that it was here that the god Viracocha created the Sun, Moon, and other heavenly bodies.

The Incas found Tiahuanaco after 1290 thanks to Maita Capac, the fourth ruler of the empire. He decided to expand his possessions and went to conquer neighboring lands. By this time, the city had long been deserted. However, abandoned houses, squares, statues, and shrines caused such amazement among the Incas that they decided that only the gods could erect such grandiose structures.

The Gate of the Sun. Mistery

One of the first detailed descriptions of the Dead City was made by the Peruvian historian of the XVI century Inca Garcilaso de la Vega: "... among other structures that are in that place and cause admiration, one was a mountain or hill made by hand... In another part of the village, far from that hill, there were two figures of giants carved out of stone in robes long to the ground and with their ornaments on their heads - everything had already been greatly destroyed by time, which indicated their great antiquity.

There is also a huge wall of such huge stones that the mere thought of what human forces were able to get them to where they were was most admirable, because - and it's true - there are no rocks or quarries around at a great distance from where those stones could be extracted. In another part, other magnificent structures are visible, but most striking are several huge portals made of stone placed in different places, many of which are monoliths made of stone alone, processed from all four sides, but the wonder of these portals increases even more, because many of them are set on stones, and some, when measured, turned out to be thirty feet long, fifteen wide and six high.

And these such huge stones and portals were made from one piece; it is impossible to comprehend and understand what kind of tool or tools these works could have been carried out."

The Gate of the Sun mystery

The man-made hill is Akapana, which is a stepped pyramid 15 meters high. Only a hill with a paved two-hundred-meter platform of the base, to which steps once led, has remained from it to the present day. At the top, there was an extensive swimming pool and several buildings.

The hill was surrounded by powerful defensive walls and divided into three terraces. The figures of giants that Inca Garcilaso writes about are the largest stone statues of pre-Columbian America - the "Bennett mOnolith" and the "Ponce Sanjines mOnolith", named after the scientists who discovered them. The first one has a height of 7.5 meters and is covered with complex relief images. Most researchers believe that this monolith depicts a female goddess.

Ancient alien

On her almost rectangular head there is something like a crown, and tears seem to flow from her eyes. The arms are folded on the chest. Once the statue was the main idol of a semi-underground temple, explored by the American archaeologist Bennett in the 30s of the XX century.

Calendar from Venus

But the portals mentioned by the Peruvian historian are the very Gates of the Sun or Inti Punku. They are carved out of a ten-ton block of andesite measuring 3 by 3.75 meters. The upper part of the Gate is decorated with a rich relief, in the center of which there is a figure of a man with an incredibly large head surrounded by a halo. The halo is formed by twenty-four rays, each of which ends with the head of a jaguar or cougar. Tears flow from a person's eyes. In his hands is a large rod with condor heads on top. A retinue of 48 half-human half-birds, pictured below, holds exactly the same wands in their hands.

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Who is depicted on the Gate of the Sun? The debate about this has not subsided to this day. Most scholars agree that this is the god of Kon-tiki Viracocha. He is the main deity and creator of the world among most Indian peoples, including the Incas. The same God is depicted on fabrics dating back to the pre-Inca era, and on a variety of ceramic vessels found in various areas of the Andes.

However, the character on the bas-relief is not the only mystery of the Gate. How did unknown ancient builders manage to create such a grandiose structure at all? It was almost impossible to create a fine carving around the deity with primitive tools that were at the disposal of the Indians. What kind of technologies were used here? This gave rise to theories that the Gate of the Sun is nothing but a place of transition from our world to another. Or into another dimension. Accordingly, technologies unknown in our reality were used.

HReoU9E

A more realistic theory about the purpose of the Gate was put forward by the most famous researcher of the Dead City, engineer Arthur Posnansky. He believed that the bas-relief depicted a calendar. However, very strange! There are not 365, but 290 days in a year, 24 days in a month, 30 hours in a day. Moreover, they do not correspond to the usual hours for us. In addition, a number of signs that have been interpreted as symbols of a solar eclipse show that these eclipses occurred with incredible frequency - 19 times every month...

One could simply decide that the theory is wrong and the symbols on the Gate have nothing to do with astronomical calculations. If they didn't coincide with... the Venusian calendar. This, of course, led to speculation that the inhabitants of Tiahuanaco had contacts with extraterrestrial civilizations.

Savages versus aliens?

Nevertheless, the main mystery of the Gate of the Sun and the whole of Tiahuanaco is why this strange place was abandoned. What happened to the Tiahuanaco civilization? Archaeologists have established that it disappeared around the XII century. It seems that the city was abandoned suddenly. For example, the decoration of the Gate of the Sun was not even finished. It is believed that the probable cause of the fall of Tiahuanaco was a colossal earthquake. The waters of the nearby Lake Tiahuanaco overflowed its banks and flooded the city. At the same time, the lava of raging volcanoes fell on him. The death of the capital caused fratricidal wars that completed the collapse of the country. Having existed for more than two and a half thousand years, the Tiahuanaco culture faded away, giving way to the Inca State gaining strength.

The Gate of the Sun mystery

This version is not the only one. Another says that the Tiahuanaco civilization perished during the barbarian invasion. But what kind of barbarians were they? Perhaps more backward tribes who lived high in the mountains. They hunted wild animals, engaged in gathering and primitive agriculture. Excavations by Peruvian and French archaeologists in the central regions of Peru, conducted in the 70s - early 80s of the XX century, prove that these pastoral tribes appeared in the Andes already in ancient times, perhaps in the IV-V millennia BC. During the Tiahuanaco era, as a result of minor climate changes, the area of mountain pastures first increased, and then sharply decreased.

During a favorable period, the highlanders increased the number of their herds, but then they faced the threat of mass death of livestock and starvation. So they left the highland pastures and descended into the valleys. The highlanders descended on the cities lying in the valleys and wiped out the main cultural center - Tiahuanaco. And after a while, they themselves fell under the onslaught of the Inca empire.


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the Gate of the Sun  mystery  conspiracy  Tiahuanaco  Inca State  aliens  Inca State  gate  sun


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